Stimulants

Young people use stimulants to feel stronger, more energetic, and more decisive. As with other drugs, some stimulants are legally prescribed by doctors for various reasons, such as for weight loss, hyperactive children, or a rare disease called narcolepsy. Examples of stimulants are amphetamines, methamphetamines, Ritaline and Preludine. Included in this category are cocaine and rock cocaine or crack, a deadly and highly addictive form of cocaine. Also included is ice, a translucent crystal that is a smokable form of methamphetamine.

If your teenager is using stimulants, at first he or she may seem exhilarated and hyperactive, will have dilated pupils and have little or no appetite. Other symptoms may include irritability, anxiety, apprehension, and insomnia. Cocaine and crack produce a high for a shorter period of time than other stimulants; however, as with all drugs, the highs vary according to the strength of the drug and the rate of administration.

Large doses of stimulants can cause repetitive grinding of the teeth, weight loss, touching and picking of the face, and paranoia. An overdose can result in dizziness, tremors, agitation, panic, hostility, abdominal cramps, chest pains and palpitations. Extreme overdoses can result in cardiac arrest, strokes or death.

After extended use, withdrawal symptoms may occur if that use is discontinued. The signs of withdrawal are profound depression, apathy, fatigue, long periods of sleep, a lingering impairment of perception, disorientation, and anxiety.

The most commonly abused stimulants are cocaine, crack or rock cocaine, and methamphetamines.
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